Sarah Chayes is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. A former reporter, she lived in Afghanistan for almost a decade from 2001 and served as special adviser to the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. She is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anti-corruption, and civil-military relations. Much of her research and writing focuses on correlations between acute public corruption and the rise of militant extremism. She is the author of Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security (W. W. Norton & Company, 2015) and The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban (Penguin Press, 2006). She was recently a lecturer in IACA’s 2015 – 2017 Master in Anti-Corruption Studies (MACS) programme.