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Foreign Bribery Law: The Tool for Combating Transnational Bribery – Pioneer General Investments Plc.

As the Malawi Nation is still recovering from the devastating effects of the ‘cash-gate’ corruption scandal, the country is hit again by another scandal. This time around the corrupt act was committed in a foreign land.* *The article is based on a hypothetical scenario as if there had recently been a scandal in a country …

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Foreign Corruption by Multinational Corporations (MNCs): The Principal-Agent Problem, Liability, Compliance and Collective Action

Why do employees and management of MNCs engage in corruption? The principal-agent problem gives an answer, why employees and management of multinational corporations (MNCs) like Siemens AG, Diagnostic Products Corp and Pfizer engage in corruption in spite of knowing of its adverse consequences. This article considers whether individuals or corporations should be held accountable for …

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Anti-Corruption Compliance Standards And Guidelines: Time for Codification

There are more than 30 anti-corruption compliance standards and guidelines published by various stakeholders worldwide. The obvious question is how organizations, especially SMEs, can navigate in this ocean of varying standards. In the author’s opinion, the professional anti-corruption community should initiate codification of international anti-corruption compliance standards and guidelines. The United Nations Convention against Corruption …

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Shaping Youth Moral Identity: A Case Study on the ICAC‘s Beautifully Complex and Robust Long-Term Integrity Education Program

This article only summarizes relevant portions of my master’s thesis. There are existing pre-conditions in the case of Hong Kong that set the stage for the ICAC to be successful – for example, adequate rule of law, strong political will (and adequate funding for their programs), trust in public servants, and press and other freedoms. …

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The Need for Legal and Anti-Corruption Training for Young People

The Doha Declaration was adopted as an outcome of the 13th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice held in Qatar in 2015. To implement the Doha Declaration, UNODC, with the financial support of Qatar, launched a wide-ranging Global Programme aimed at helping countries achieve a positive and sustainable impact on criminal justice, …

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Approaches to Anti-Corruption, Anti-Fraud, and Compliance

Peru and a new opportunity in sight When speaking of corruption or fraud we necessarily refer to concepts at odds with what is lawful, what is right, or what is legal, and as a result, to the search for effective mechanisms to control and combat these phenomena. It is common, but not necessarily right, to …

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Are Anti-Corruption Agencies Headed in the Right Direction?

Of late, a debate has reappeared in India on how active anti-corruption agencies should navigate themselves. This has brought into focus the role of anti-corruption agencies and the negative impact the “hyper activity” has on governance in general. The issue appears to be very pertinent as one scam after another is surfacing, resulting in disdain …

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Powerful Ideas in the Fight Against Corruption

The Inspections from Public Lotteries Programme in Brazil The idea of this paper is to discuss the Inspections from Public Lotteries Programme – developed by the Brazilian anti-corruption agency – as a powerful idea in the fight against corruption. The author has summarized and explained this very successful oversight programme and its reports. She uses …

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Corruption in the Construction Sector – Building the São Paulo Labour Court

In 1998 I started an investigation as a federal prosecutor that would be known all over Brazil and even abroad later on. It was called the TRT Case, a corruption scandal during the construction of a labour court in the city of São Paulo. The case involved a former senator, a former labour judge – …

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